The process is like erosion using the force of pressurised water and mixing in abrasive to cut through any material by focusing into a fine stream of water through a gemstone.
One of the benefits of the water jet cutting is the ability to cut material without affecting the material’s inherent structure as there is no heat in the cut.
Minimizing the effects of heat allows metals to be cut without changing the internal properties.
Water jet cutters are also capable of producing rather intricate cuts in material because of the size of the nozzel that can be as small as 1.016 to 1.27 mm with abrasive and 0.178 to 0.33 mm with just water.
Water jets produce no hazardous waste, reducing waste disposal costs. The component parts can be nested to maximize material use.
Water jets use very little water and the water that is used can be recycled using a filteration. Waste water usually is clean enough to filter and dispose of down a drain. The abrasive is a natural gem stone that can be recycled for repeated use after it has been cleaned and dried. The abrasive medium usually can be disposed of in a landfill as it is a natural gem stone. Water jets also does not creat airborne dust particles, smoke, fumes, and contaminants from cutting materials such as asbestos and fiberglass.